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Nail / Staple Installation

STARTING THE INSTALLATION

 

Additional Requirements - Helpful Tips

Make sure sub-floor is properly prepared and is tested for moisture.

When laying flooring, stagger end joints from row to row by at least 6”. When cutting the last plank in a row to fit, you can use the cut-off end to begin the next row. If cut-off end is 8” in length or less, discard it and use a new plank at a random length to start the next row. No two end joints should be within three rows of each other. Installation parallel to the longest wall provides the best visual effect.

Always begin each row from the same side of the room. For floating application, stagger seams 12” to 15”. Work from several open boxes of flooring and “dry lay” the floor before permanently laying the floor (But never open more than a few boxes in advance). This will allow you to arrange the varying grains & colors in a harmonious pattern. It also allows you the opportunity to select out very dark/light pieces for use in hidden areas in order to create a more uniform floor. Remember, it is the installer’s responsibility to set the expectations of what the finished floor will look like with the owner.

 

Doorway and Wall Preparation: Undercut or notch-out door casings 1/16” higher than the thickness of the flooring being installed to avoid difficult scribe cuts during installation and remove existing base and shoe molding as well as doorway thresholds - each can be replaced after installation is complete.

 

INSTALLING THE FLOOR

 

Additional Requirements - Helpful Tips

Nail/Staple-Down Installation

 

An exterior wall is usually the straightest and best reference line to start the installation. Use a chalk line to trace a starting line parallel to the starting wall at a distance of about 5- 3/8” (138mm), i.e., the width of a plank plus the 1/2” (12.7mm) expansion joint. This starting line should leave a minimum 1/2” expansion gap around all vertical obstructions. Direction of finished flooring should be at right angles to the floor joists whenever possible. On the first row of flooring use 6d or 8d flooring nails to top nail surface of flooring and countersink (pre-drilling nail holes will prevent splits).

 

CAUTION: Wood expands and contracts with changes in humidity. Wood will buckle and/or] cup if an adequate expansion space is not provided. Always allow for expansion when making end or side cuts around vertical objects.

 

After nailing down the first 22 sq/ft, test to make sure that this section of flooring is firmly affixed. Check the groove side of each piece, being held down only by the tongue of the adjacent piece, does not rock up and down if weight is placed on it and then removed. If the groove side does exhibit up/down movement, it will be necessary to glue this floor down in addition to nailing it in order to correct this condition. It is the installer’s responsibility to determine which conditions are in the flooring prior to installation

 

CAUTION: It is extremely important to use the appropriate adapters as well as staples or cleats. Improper fasteners, machines, and air pressure can cause severe damage.

 

Make sure to properly space fasteners every 3” – 4” along the length of the board with a minimum of 2 fasteners per piece 1” – 2” from each end. Top and/or hand nail enough rows to allow adequate spacing from wall; continue installation with a recommended floor-stapling machine. Stagger the ends of boards at least 6” in adjacent rows creating a stair-step pattern. Continue across the room until finished. Remember to provide adequate spacing for expansion gap.

 
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